Komodo dragon is the biggest lizard in the world. This dragon-like creature can only be found on the eastern part of Indonesian Islands. The dragons are very rare and the habitat is only in the Komodo National Park (Komodo, Rinca, Gili Montang and Gili Dasami), Flores, Indonesia. This lizard had not been seen by foreign people until 1912. People of Flores call them "Ora," or "land crocodile." Every visitor or tour group who enters the Komodo National Park must be accompanied by the Rangers.
The normal dimension of a male is around 8 to 9 feet long. The weight is about 200 lbs. Some old Komodo dragon can be around 10 feet from the head to the end of the tail. Female dragon is smaller, grow to 6 until 7 feets long. Known by its huge size, flat heads, long big tails, and strong legs and claws, the skin is rough and durable. The feet have long claws and a large. The stong and thick tail become its defense weapon. Komodo has good long distance vision. Its able to see moving objects as far away as 300 m. The young komodo are more active and fast. They can run up to 20 kph. On the other hand, the hunting habbit is very quiet. The komodo will wait lika a stone for hours until prey come close to their head. The dragon has very good sense of smell. This is the main food detector by using its forked tongues to grab the air particles, and then touch the tongue to the roof of the moutt. And then, special sensors analyze the air particles.
Komodo Dragons are reptiles. They warm their blood in the morning. The habitats are vary from a tropical dry forest to a savanna or a deciduous monsoon forest. But, the Komodo likes extreme heat started from 35 degrees Celsius with 70-percent humidity. Komodo dragons are carnivores. They like to hunt a large prey, such as large water buffalo, deer, carrion, or pigs. Human is also one of their prey! Big Dragons will also eat smaller dragons. That is why baby komodos are normaly hide by climbing trees and living in the tree hole. At birth, baby Komodos are only 30 centimeters long. As soon as they hatch, the baby will run away and climb up trees to avoid being eaten by their mother.
Komodo dragons are normaly solitary animal. But during the mating season, they will gather with others. Komodo dragons mating season is between May and August. The females will lay about 30 eggs in September. The mothers will also build a camouflage nests to confuse predators. Another unique thing is that the female Komodo dragons can have virgin births. Komodo dragons can reproduce through both sexual and asexual reproduction. Meaning that the female komodo do not need a male to fertilize an egg for it to hatch. The dragons may reproduce without the help of the opposite gender. This is called asexual reproduction.
The Komodo is not endangered animal, but it is considered as vulnerable species. The number of Komodos in the wild is around 6000. This population is spreaded around the National Park of Komodo islands; 1,700 on Komodo, 1,300 on Rinca, 100 on Gili Motang and around 2,000 on Flores. They are protected inside the Komodo National Park.